ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2019 – LẦN 2 Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH (Đề 8)

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Câu 1:

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in the following question. 

Humans have done great advances in technology at the expense of the environment.

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Kiến thức: Sự kết hợp từ

Giải thích:

Ta có cụm “to make advances” (v): có những tiến bộ

Sửa: have done => have made

Tạm dịch: Con người đã có những tiến bộ vượt bậc trong công nghệ với chi phí môi trường.

Chọn C 


Câu 2:

Read the following passage and then choose the best answer for each question by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C or D from 2 to 9.

Today’s cars are smaller, safer, cleaner, and more economical than their predecessors, but the car of the future will be far more pollution-free than those on the road today. Several new types of automobile engines have already been developed than run on alternative sources of power, such as electricity, compressed natural gas, methanol, steam, hydrogen, and propane. Electricity, however, is the only zero-emission option presently available.

Although electric vehicles will not be truly practical until a powerful, compact battery or other dependable source of current is available, transport experts foresee a new assortment of electric vehicles entering everyday life: shorter-range commuter electric cars, three-wheeled neighborhood cars, electric delivery vans, bikes and trolleys.

As automakers work to develop practical electrical vehicles, urban planners and utility engineers are focusing on infrastructure systems to support and make the best use of the new cars. Public charging facilities will need to be as common as today’s gas stations. Public parking spots on the street or in commercial lots will need to be equipped with devices that allow drivers to charge their batteries while they stop, dine, or attend a concert. To encourage the use of electric vehicles, the most convenient parking in transportation centers might be reserved for electric cars.

Planners foresee electric shuttle buses, trains, buses and neighborhood vehicles all meeting at transit centers that would have facilities for charging and renting. Commuters will be able to rent a variety of electric cars to suit their needs: light trucks, one-person three-wheelers, small cars, or electric/gasoline hybrid cars for longer trips, which will no doubt take place on automated freeways capable of handling five times the number of vehicles that can be carried by freeway today.

The author's purpose in the passage is to 

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Kiến thức: Đọc hiểu

Giải thích:

Mục đích của tác giả trong đoạn văn là

A. mô tả các khả năng về giao thông trong tương lai

B. thuật lại một câu chuyện về phương tiện năng lượng thay thế

C. chỉ trích các phương tiện thông thường

D. hỗ trợ phát minh xe điện

Chọn A 


Câu 3:

Read the following passage and then choose the best answer for each question by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C or D from 2 to 9.

Today’s cars are smaller, safer, cleaner, and more economical than their predecessors, but the car of the future will be far more pollution-free than those on the road today. Several new types of automobile engines have already been developed than run on alternative sources of power, such as electricity, compressed natural gas, methanol, steam, hydrogen, and propane. Electricity, however, is the only zero-emission option presently available.

Although electric vehicles will not be truly practical until a powerful, compact battery or other dependable source of current is available, transport experts foresee a new assortment of electric vehicles entering everyday life: shorter-range commuter electric cars, three-wheeled neighborhood cars, electric delivery vans, bikes and trolleys.

As automakers work to develop practical electrical vehicles, urban planners and utility engineers are focusing on infrastructure systems to support and make the best use of the new cars. Public charging facilities will need to be as common as today’s gas stations. Public parking spots on the street or in commercial lots will need to be equipped with devices that allow drivers to charge their batteries while they stop, dine, or attend a concert. To encourage the use of electric vehicles, the most convenient parking in transportation centers might be reserved for electric cars.

Planners foresee electric shuttle buses, trains, buses and neighborhood vehicles all meeting at transit centers that would have facilities for charging and renting. Commuters will be able to rent a variety of electric cars to suit their needs: light trucks, one-person three-wheelers, small cars, or electric/gasoline hybrid cars for longer trips, which will no doubt take place on automated freeways capable of handling five times the number of vehicles that can be carried by freeway today. 

The passage would most likely be followed by details about

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Kiến thức: Đọc hiểu

Giải thích:

Đoạn văn phía sau rất có thể nói chi tiết về

A. hạn chế ô nhiễm trong tương lai                                B. xe buýt đưa đón bằng điện

C. đường cao tốc tự động                D. khu phố của tương lai

Vì nội dung của câu cuối cùng của bài văn có đề cập đến một khái niệm mới đó là “automated freeways capable of handling five times the number of vehicles that can be carried by freeway today” (đường cao tốc tự động có khả năng xử lý gấp năm lần số lượng phương tiện có thể được vận chuyển bằng đường cao tốc ngày nay). Do đó chúng ta dự đoán có thể đoạn tiếp theo sẽ nói rõ hơn về điều này.

Chọn C 


Câu 4:

Read the following passage and then choose the best answer for each question by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C or D from 2 to 9.

Today’s cars are smaller, safer, cleaner, and more economical than their predecessors, but the car of the future will be far more pollution-free than those on the road today. Several new types of automobile engines have already been developed than run on alternative sources of power, such as electricity, compressed natural gas, methanol, steam, hydrogen, and propane. Electricity, however, is the only zero-emission option presently available.

Although electric vehicles will not be truly practical until a powerful, compact battery or other dependable source of current is available, transport experts foresee a new assortment of electric vehicles entering everyday life: shorter-range commuter electric cars, three-wheeled neighborhood cars, electric delivery vans, bikes and trolleys.

As automakers work to develop practical electrical vehicles, urban planners and utility engineers are focusing on infrastructure systems to support and make the best use of the new cars. Public charging facilities will need to be as common as today’s gas stations. Public parking spots on the street or in commercial lots will need to be equipped with devices that allow drivers to charge their batteries while they stop, dine, or attend a concert. To encourage the use of electric vehicles, the most convenient parking in transportation centers might be reserved for electric cars.

Planners foresee electric shuttle buses, trains, buses and neighborhood vehicles all meeting at transit centers that would have facilities for charging and renting. Commuters will be able to rent a variety of electric cars to suit their needs: light trucks, one-person three-wheelers, small cars, or electric/gasoline hybrid cars for longer trips, which will no doubt take place on automated freeways capable of handling five times the number of vehicles that can be carried by freeway today. 

It can be inferred from the passage that 

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Kiến thức: Đọc hiểu

Giải thích:

Nó có thể được suy ra từ đoạn văn rằng

A. nhiều loại động cơ điện mới đã được phát triển

B. các động cơ điện hiện nay là lựa chọn tốt nhất vì nó thực tế

C. điện là nguồn năng lượng thay thế tốt nhất vì nó gần như không bị ô nhiễm

D. những chiếc xe hiện tại là kinh tế hơn so với thế hệ tương lai của chúng

Thông tin: Several new types of automobile engines have already been developed than run on alternative sources of power, such as electricity, compressed natural gas, methanol, steam, hydrogen, and propane.

Tạm dịch: Một số loại động cơ ô tô mới đã được phát triển hơn là chạy bằng các nguồn năng lượng thay thế, như điện, khí tự nhiên nén, metanol, hơi nước, hydro và propan.

Chọn A 


Câu 5:

Read the following passage and then choose the best answer for each question by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C or D from 2 to 9.

Today’s cars are smaller, safer, cleaner, and more economical than their predecessors, but the car of the future will be far more pollution-free than those on the road today. Several new types of automobile engines have already been developed than run on alternative sources of power, such as electricity, compressed natural gas, methanol, steam, hydrogen, and propane. Electricity, however, is the only zero-emission option presently available.

Although electric vehicles will not be truly practical until a powerful, compact battery or other dependable source of current is available, transport experts foresee a new assortment of electric vehicles entering everyday life: shorter-range commuter electric cars, three-wheeled neighborhood cars, electric delivery vans, bikes and trolleys.

As automakers work to develop practical electrical vehicles, urban planners and utility engineers are focusing on infrastructure systems to support and make the best use of the new cars. Public charging facilities will need to be as common as today’s gas stations. Public parking spots on the street or in commercial lots will need to be equipped with devices that allow drivers to charge their batteries while they stop, dine, or attend a concert. To encourage the use of electric vehicles, the most convenient parking in transportation centers might be reserved for electric cars.

Planners foresee electric shuttle buses, trains, buses and neighborhood vehicles all meeting at transit centers that would have facilities for charging and renting. Commuters will be able to rent a variety of electric cars to suit their needs: light trucks, one-person three-wheelers, small cars, or electric/gasoline hybrid cars for longer trips, which will no doubt take place on automated freeways capable of handling five times the number of vehicles that can be carried by freeway today. 

According to the passage, public parking lots of the future will be 

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Kiến thức: Đọc hiểu

Giải thích:

Theo đoạn văn, các bãi đậu xe công cộng của tương lai sẽ

A. lớn hơn nhiều so với ngày nay                                  B. thuận tiện hơn so với ngày nay

C. phổ biến như các trạm xăng ngày nay                                                        D. được trang bị với các thiết bị sạc

Thông tin: Public parking spots on the street or in commercial lots will need to be equipped with devices that allow drivers to charge their batteries while they stop, dine, or attend a concert.

Tạm dịch: Các điểm đỗ xe công cộng trên đường phố hoặc trong các lô thương mại sẽ cần được trang bị các thiết bị cho phép người lái sạc pin trong khi họ dừng lại, ăn tối hoặc tham dự buổi hòa nhạc.

Chọn D


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